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Aleksey Nikolayevich Tolstoy
Aelita by Aleksey Nikolayevich Tolstoy. Tolstoi published two science fiction novels, both of which appeared in the experimental s and which were revised during the following decades of Stalinist terror.
Aelita is a science-fiction fantasy in the manner of H. Wells, telling the story of a Soviet expedition to Mars with the aim of establishing communism.
A Red Army officer forments a rebellion of the Tolstoi published two science fiction novels, both of which appeared in the experimental s and which were revised during the following decades of Stalinist terror. A Red Army officer forments a rebellion of the native Martians, who are in fact long-ago emigrants from Atlantis.
The story was adapted into a screen play in Its futuristic, expressionistic sets were designed by Isaac Rabinovitch of the Kamerny Theatre. The film influenced the design in Flash Gordon, a space opera, which was created by the artist Alex Raymond in and led to a popular radio serial and several films. Giperboloid inzhenera GarinaThe Death Box described an attempt of an unscrupulous inventor to use his death ray to conquer the world. He manages to rule a decadently capitalist USA for a short period.
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Lists with This Book. Jul 04, Fran rated it really liked it Shelves: You could call Aelita a Sci-Fi classic, but I think it’s much more than that. The science in it was already out-of-date when the book first appeared as monthly installments in the late you may find yourself laughing out loud at the qelita comical explanations of some scientific principles. However, if you look the other way for a moment, and pretend such alexek are not there, you’ll realize that the real significance of this novel, what makes it historically interesting, is that Ma You could call Aelita a Sci-Fi classic, but I think it’s much more than that.
Aleksey Nikolayevich Tolstoy – Wikipedia
However, if you look the other way for a moment, and pretend such flaws are not there, you’ll realize that the to,stoi significance of this novel, what makes it historically interesting, is that Mars is a metaphor for pre-revolutionary Russia. In Aelita, a leisured Martian elite supported by a vast laboring class is at a dire point of decadence, ready to be dethroned. So, when two Earth cosmonauts arrive, they incite an October Revolution-like revolt that zlexei saves this dying desert world.
I think this book is something special, it may not be the best science fiction novel of its time, or of any time, but it offers us an interesting view of a particular society in a precise -and crucial- historical moment. Aelita tells more about the ‘s in Russia than it may tells us about the future, but it’s exactly that tolstpi makes -indubitably- an interesting read.
It is impossible to find an accurate description of this book, and as other reviewers have stated, the classic silent Soviet tostoi based on this book is nothing like it. This can only be useful for the handful of people like me who’ve actually seen the movie Even the Goodreads description is inaccurate.
Gusev, a soldier of the recent Russian revolution, is bored with civilian life and its lack of adventure. He comes across a posting for a companion for a trip to Mars, and decides it is the thin It is impossible to find an accurate alexeei of this book, and as other reviewers have stated, the classic silent Soviet film based on this book is nothing like it.
He comes across a posting for a companion for a trip to Mars, and decides it is the thing to do. Los, the man who put up the posting, has just tolsstoi his spaceship which was built for two goals: Upon arrival they discover that Martians do exist, that they are intelligent, and the Martian civilization is polarized between a large proletariat and a small ruling class. Gusev, the passionate soldier, decides to join the impending revolution, but the introspective Los falls for the beautiful Aelita, daughter of the de facto ruler of Mars, the Head of the Engineers.
The greatest weakness of the book is the long exposition that takes up much of the middle of the story where Aelita teaches Los and Gusev her language, then summarizes tens of thousands of years of Martian history, which includes the lost history of Atlantis on Earth. As it turns out, Martians are descended from the survivors of Atlantis and creatures native to Mars.
The science fiction elements don’t often age well bird like flying machines used by the Martians, for instance but the realistic characteristics and desires of Gusev and Los keep the story moving.
Unlike the more well-known John Carter series by Edgar Rice Burroughs, the point is not mindless, brutal combat led by highly principalled but amazingly stupid protagonists, but a thoughtful exploration of the inevitable rise and decline of civilizations.
Of course, it cannot be denied that there is some propagandist notions about the book, as the author distantly related to another, more famous author named Tolstoy alexri it in a successful attempt to get into the good graces of the Communist party. Even with this in mind, I consider this equal in caliber to the best of H.
Wells and Jules Verne. Sep 10, Ghada Muthana rated it it was amazing. I just remembered that this was the first book i ever read, after finishing all Ali Al-Wardi books, when i was a teen, and also for unknown reason i read it for at least 5 times, never got bored! I think it’s time to re read this masterpiece! May 14, Alex rated it really liked it. Feb 19, Harry Kane rated it it was amazing. This book is the Great Gatsby of Soviet modernist ‘s sci-fi. The ‘sci’ underpinnings are typical for the era–inventor makes space rocket in his shed in order to reach Mars.
I note some reviewers find this as a reason to decry the book. Perhaps it would be more merciful for all involved to first ask yourself what your goals are before trying to appreciate vintage sci-fi modernism on its own terms.
The ‘fi’ underpinning are ‘weird fiction’ classic ones, which one is more used to finding on the This book is the Great Gatsby of Soviet modernist ‘s sci-fi. The ‘fi’ underpinning are ‘weird fiction’ classic ones, which one is more used to finding on the other side of the world at that time, with the likes of Robert E Howard and H.
Lovecraft–the ancient Atlantis civilization, mega-continents from geological eras ago, mind-bending knowledge of elder races which mankind is not meant to absorb.
I note some reviewers find this as boring exposition imagine Howard’s Hyperborean Age essay, presented as a tale by a Martian beauty, in the middle of this short book. The prose style is crisp brevity ala Hemingway, but with pathos cranked up to At times to Like Gorky but a clean cubist version, instead of grime and slime naturalism. Like a very romantic Isaac Babel in space. The point-of-view narrative structure is typical for the time and place: For example a paragraph with Gusev shooting at Martian govt soldiers may start of in Gusev’s POV, but by the time his pistol makes a bang–it will narrated as if from the Martian’s POV.
And even on Earth any interaction between people will have the POV rotating in unpredictable and unsignalled ways. Which, for those of us with a taste for it, is a stylistic treat. Or perhaps another way of viewing the POV structure is that while the action is on Earth, the omniscient POV is generic earthling, but when on Mars, a secondary layer of generic Martian POV is added to the omniscient narrator. Anyway, on to the plotski.
Two protagonists–engineer Los and soldier of fortune Gusev–make the trip to Mars. Los is an introverted man whose wife–Katya–died months ago. He needs to escape this reality, this Earth, and this angst which love, taken away by death, has awoken in him.
Little does he know that on Mars awaits a love even deeper and madder. He has been a self-supporting adult since the age of 15, made it through tolsfoi years of WWI and civil war massacres unscathed, and once reaching the relative stability of the early ‘s–baam!
Betrayed by fate and by his own heart’s sensitivity. He opened up and was then aeoita. Los uses his formidable talent to escape this situation, through space flight.
He looks around for a volunteer to keep him company. Gusev is this volunteer. A soldier since the age of 18, he fought in every battle he tolstli. After the Russian Empire collapses he buccaneers with anyone who promises adventures–even tries to cross the mountain ranges to the south in order to “liberate India”, but he and the other amateurs in this crusade get lost in the winter mountains and only a few return.
Then he fights for Makhno’s anarchist brigades for a while, before finally throwing his lot in with the reds. The civil war over, Gusev tries to settle down. He finds a nice girl–Masha–and does his best to be a good husband–but he tosses and turns, gnashes his teeth and screams in his sleep, and then during the day paces the rooms of their house like a caged wolf an empty house belonging to some rich folks before the revolution. They fled, the house suffered from bad aeelita and looters for years, before finally the new govt assigned it to veteran Gusev and Masha.
Masha knows, with a sinking heart, that Gusev will soon leave her to go on an adventure somewhere far away. This is exactly what happens. On Mars, the decadent civilization belongs to a race combined of the local tribes and the ancient Atlanteans, who flew over from Earth millennia ago.
They use all sorts of steampunk technology including flying galleons. Some readers find this preposterous, and alexeii weakness of the book. On the red planet there are conspiracies, intrigues, a population that has lost its will to thrive and conquer, many abandoned houses, a smoldering desire of the underclass to revolt, a parallel desire of the ruling class to go out in style by reinstating a fascist golden age, in which the workers will be forever chained to their dark underground machines, while the privileged will read poetry, discuss philosophy, and slowly extinguish the ancient and tired civilization.
Both sides admit that their civilization is old and spent, full of ashes instead of flame, and both are very impressed when “the sons of the sky” arrive–Gusev and Los. The radical workers hope to use the flame of vitality of the earthlings to power their rebellion and renew their whole civilization, while the ruling class is Mars is a managerial fascist society, with a council of engineers making all decisions, and above them all is Tuskub.
His daughter–Aelita–falls hard for Los, and Los for her. Gusev instantly sees the opportunity for battles and adventures, and having failed to “liberate India”, he now schemes to “liberate Mars”. Los, on the other hand, goes deeper and deeper into dreamland, feeling strong things he never wanted to feel again, and in turn making Aelita feel depth of longing and love which Martian women have never felt either.
She toltsoi sings him the song which by tradition means they are now husband and wife.