General Information. Albizia adianthifolia is a small to medium-sized deciduous tree with a flat-topped, spreading crown; it can grow 4 – 30 metres tall[. Albizia adianthifolia. Photo: Mark Hyde By Nyamkombe River, at edge of golf course, Aberfoyle Lodge. Albizia adianthifolia. Photo: Mark Hyde By Nyamkombe . Abstract. The bark, leaves, and roots of Albizia adianthifolia are highly sought after in tropical Africa as herbal medicines. Therefore, the aim of.
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Email this to a friend Print Share on facebook Tweet this. Showing 0 of 0 comments. Albizia adianthifolia 1, base of bole; 2, leaf; 3, inflorescence; 4, fruit. Redrawn and adapted by Achmad Satiri Nurhaman. Albizia adianthifolia tree habit. Albizia adianthifolia bark and slash obtained from W. Albizia adianthifolia leaves and fruits. Albizia adianthifolia leaves obtained from W.
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DurandAlbizia ealaensis De Wild. West African albizia, rough-bark flat-crown En. Mchane, mchani mbao, mchani mbawa, mgendagenda, mchapia tumbili Sw. Albizia adianthifolia is widespread, occurring from Senegal east to Kenya, and south to Angola, eastern South Africa and Swaziland; also in eastern Madagascar.
Albizia adianthifolia – Plantinfo – EVERYTHING and ANYTHING about plants in SA
The wood of Albizia adianthifolia is used for light construction e. It is also suitable for light flooring, joinery, interior trim, furniture, cabinet work, boat building, vehicle bodies, toys and novelties, tool handles, baseball bats, boxes, crates, hardboard and particle board.
The wood is used as firewood, although it burns quickly; it is also made into charcoal. Albizia adianthifolia is locally valued as a shade tree for crops, e. The gum from the bark is sometimes used in local cosmetics. The young leaves are eaten as a vegetable in DR Congo and Zimbabwe.
A sauce is made from the seeds.
The foliage of Albizia adianthifolia is browsed by aeianthifolia and wild ruminants, especially the coppice-growth. Various plant parts are used in traditional medicine. Bark sap is applied to the eye to treat river blindness and conjunctivitis, and internally against respiratory complaints, as an anodyne and to treat allergic reactions; it is also applied to sores and to allay toothache. A bark infusion or decoction is administered to treat scabies and other skin complaints, and to treat fever.
Pounded bark is applied externally to boils and itching skin, and internally as a vermifuge.
A twig-bark decoction is administered as a purgative and anodyne. A root infusion is applied to treat eye complaints, and powdered roots are administered to women in labour or with irregular menstruation.
The leaves are used internally against diarrhoea and gonorrhoea, and externally to treat wounds and sore feet. A fruit extract is drunk to relieve stomach-ache. In southern Cameroon the gum from the bark is used in hunting poison. In the Central African Republic bark and leaves serve as fish poison.
Albizia adianthifolia timber has no importance on the international market. However, small volumes may be mixed and sold with timber of other Albizia spp. Parts of the plant are exported from Madagascar as a medicine. The heartwood is pale brown or golden adianthiifolia, sometimes with adianthivolia greenish tinge, and distinctly demarcated from the c.
The grain is straight or interlocked, texture moderately coarse to coarse. It dries slowly, but generally with little degrade. The rates of shrinkage are moderate: The wood generally saws and works easily with ordinary hand and machine tools.
The use of a filler is necessary to obtain a good finish. The wood nails satisfactorily, and gluing and staining properties are good. The wood dust may cause irritation to nose and throat. The heartwood is only moderately durable, being susceptible to wood borer, marine borer and termite attacks. The heartwood is resistant to impregnation by preservatives, the sapwood moderately resistant to permeable. A crude protein content of the foliage of 29 g per g dry matter has been recorded.
The leaves of trees growing on acid soils in south-eastern Nigeria contained per g dry matter: Oleanane-type triterpene saponins were isolated from ethanolic extracts of Albizia adianthifolia roots. Some of these compounds showed immunomodulatory and haemolytic activities, particularly adianthifoliosides A and B.
They also demonstrated a cytotoxic effect on human leukaemia T-cells. The wood of Albizia gummifera J. Leaves alternate, bipinnately compound with 3— 5—10 pairs of pinnae; stipules ovate to lanceolate, up to 12 mm long, caducous; petiole 1. Inflorescence an axillary head on a 2—6 cm long peduncle. Flowers bisexual, regular, 5-merous, reddish or greenish white, almost sessile, subtended by up to 8 mm long, caducous or persistent bracteoles; calyx narrowly obconical, 2.
Seeds flattened globose, 6. Seedling with epigeal germination; hypocotyl 2—6 cm long, epicotyl c. Albizia comprises about species and occurs throughout the tropics. Approximately 35 species are found in continental Africa and about 30 in Madagascar.
It is characterized by the head-like inflorescence, with 1—2 central flowers modified, functionally male and having a larger, nectar-producing staminal tube. Molecular analyses showed that Albizia is heterogeneous, and a revision of the genus is needed.
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Albizia adianthifolia is frequently confused with Albizia gummiferawhich differs in its almost glabrous leaflets usually auricled at base, and glabrous pods. However, almost glabrous types of Albizia adianthifolia have also been recorded, and more research is needed to confirm the separation of the two species, the more so since hybrids have been recorded from Malawi and Mozambique.
Wood-anatomical description IAWA hardwood codes: Trees can grow rapidly, with a recorded maximum early height growth of 2 m per year. However, growth of planted trees is often much less and even slow during the first years. In planting experiments in Ghana 3-years-old trees reached a height of on average 1. The roots develop nitrogen-fixing nodules containing Bradyrhizobium bacteria. Albizia adianthifolia trees live in association with arbuscular mycorrhizae.
They usually flower at the end of the dry season, just after or with the emergence of new leaves. Insects such as bees are the main pollinators.
The fruits dehisce on the tree and the papery valves with seeds still attached are spread by wind. Albizia adianthifolia has a remarkably wide ecological adaptation, occurring in high-rainfall forests as well as seasonally dry forests and even in wooded savanna. It occurs most frequently in moister types of semideciduous forest, where it is characteristic for secondary forest, forest edges, roadsides and abandoned farmland. It is common in many regions. In East and southern Africa and in Madagascar, it is found in lowland rainforest, deciduous woodland and wooded grassland, up to m altitude.
It behaves mostly as a pioneer species. Albizia adianthifolia occurs on a wide range of soil types, often on deep and sandy soils. Seedlings are classified as strong light demanders. The germination rate of seeds in the light and dark may be equal, but seedlings soon die in the shade.
Regeneration is most abundant in forest disturbed by logging. In burnt forest, seedlings are less abundant. There are about 25, seeds per kg.
Seeds should be collected from pods still attached to the tree to reduce damage by insects, and they should be dried immediately after collection. They can be stored for up to 3 months if ash is added to reduce insect damage. In cultivation seed may be used for propagation, but adianyhifolia are sometimes also used for planting.
Experiments in Ghana showed that Albizia adianthifolia can be successfully propagated vegetatively by root cuttings. In forest management there is generally no focus on Albizia adianthifolia because it is not a preferred timber tree, and sometimes even considered an aggressive colonizer.